IBS also known as irritable bowel syndrome is a kind of gastrointestinal disorder which can be identified by its sign and symptoms appear in adults and children which mostly includes abdominal pain, cramping, altered bowel habits, bloating, increase gas, food intolerance etc.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a kind of functional disorder which means that lots of changes take place in the digestive system which result with various symptoms, in simple words we can say that IBS is basically referred as the problem of movement in the digestive system without actually causing any kind of damage to it. In ancient time the irritable bowel syndrome was also known as the spastic colon or bowel which is a functional disease, nervous colon or mucous colitis.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Causes
Till now the main cause of Irritable Bowel Syndrome is not known but it is assumed that there are lots of factors which are responsible for IBS cause which also includes the alteration of GI ( gastrointestinal ) tract, increased sensitivity towards pain, abnormality of nervous system and intolerance of food. Below are some of the risk factors which cause irritable bowel syndrome :
1 . The movement of colon and small intestine will become abnormal like very fast or very slow or either more strong.
2 . Due to the complete bowel or gas the person may become hypersensitive about pain.
3 . Due to the poor absorption of some acids and sugar within food may cause food sensitivity.
4 . Stomach bug, Stomach flu or also known as Gastroenteritis is a kind of bacterial or viral infection caused in the intestine and stomach which may also trigger the symptoms of IBS.
5 . The people who are suffering from problem of IBS can also face some psychological disorders like as of depression or anxiety but these conditions are not related with the cause of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
6 . Those people who are within the condition of IBS may face the issue of hormonal disbalance like for neurotransmitters and reproductive hormones.
7 . SIBO known as Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth.
8 . If we talk about the major cause of IBS then it is found to be genetical but still this hereditary link with IBS is not proven.
Symptoms of IBS
Now, after discussing the cause of IBS we will like to share the symptoms of it which is one of the important factor about IBS. In the all over world population there are about 6 to 18% of people who are suffering from the Irritable bowel syndrome ( IBS ). In this syndrome there are different changes which takes place like form of bowel movement or in its frequency and problems like lower abdominal pain. There are some situations which can trigger the symptoms of IBS like stress, changes in the bacteria of gut, diet, poor sleep etc. Every person face different type of triggers and it is quite difficult to know about any particular food or stressors which should be avoided by any person.
Here, in this section we are going to tell you about some major and common symptoms of IBS and in that condition what you should do. The symptoms are as follows :
There are basically three types of IBS disorder from which one of the prominent disorder is Diarrhea – predominant IBS and this is affecting almost the one – third of the population suffering from IBS. A study was conducted over 200 adults who are having diarrhea predominant IBS and found that the bowel movement of IBS suffering people is weak twice than the normal people. This problem of accelerated bowel transit will result in the sudden and immediate urge of bowel movement. There are most of the patient who found this problem as a source of stress and even avoid social contacts as having a fear of sudden diarrhea onset.
2. Pain and Cramping
Pain in abdomen is one of the very common symptom of IBS and is the major factor for diagnosis. In the normal situation brain and gut work simultaneously for controlling process of digestion and this all takes place due to the good bacteria present in your gut which releases continuous hormones, signals and nerves within body. Opposite to it, in persons suffering from the IBS these signals get distorted and irregular which leads toward the painful and uncoordinated tension within the muscle of your digestive tract.
In almost all cases IBS people faces the problem of abdominal pain or in your whole abdomen but it most rarely occurs in the upper abdomen and it also gets decreased after the changes taking place within bowel movement. There are some dietary habits which also changes the pain behaviour and the diet low in FODMAPs may reduce the problem of pain and cramps in stomach. There are some more treatments like as of cognitive behavior therapy, peppermint oil and hypnotherapy and those changes which so not respond toward them then a gastroenterologist can help you by providing proper medication.
Another symptom of IBS is constipation and it can also cause the problem of diarrhea. The another most common type of IBS is constipation – predominant IBS which affects around half of the population with IBS. The communication gets altered in between bowel and brain may slow down or speed up the transiting time of stool. When the time of transit gets slow the bowel will absorb large amount of water from the stool and this create lots of difficulty in passing out.
Constipation is the problem of having less than three bowel movements within a week, we can not describe functional constipation as of chronic constipation both are different and is very common do not particularly relate to the IBS. The IBS and functional constipation are completely different and are mostly not painful. We can say that constipation occurred in IBS is combined with abdominal pain and this also create ease with the movement of bowel. Sometimes the problem of constipation also causes the incomplete bowel movement with sensation and leads to the unnecessary straining. For getting relief from this situation you can go with your regular IBS treatment enclosed with exercise, eating more soluble fiber, drinking lots of water, limited use of laxatives and taking probiotics.
4 . Alternating Diarrhea and Constipation
In the 20% of IBS population the mixed or alternative affect of diarrhea and constipation is found. The problem of constipation and diarrhea in the patients of IBS includes the recurring and chronic abdominal pain, this is one of the most important clue of identifying that the changes are happening with your bowel movement and these changes are not related with the mild infections, diet and common infection.
The IBS of this type is very severe than any other IBS with very intense and frequent symptoms. The symptoms occurring in the problem of mixed IBS can vary from one people to another people. So, for solving this problem every individual requires a one-size-fits-all treatment.
5. Changes in Bowel Movement
In the intestine if you having problem of slow moving tool then your stools may become dehydrated as lots of water will got absorbed by your intestine and in result it ends up with hard stool and this looks like the symptom of constipation. Through intestine the prompt movement of your stool leave very less time for the purpose of water absorption and this result in the characteristics of diarrhea with loose stools.
The IBS also leads in the accumulation of mucus with your stool and this usually not associate with any other constipation cause or situation. Sometime IBS people also see the blood in their stool and this is another sign of very serious medical condition and this require the visit to any specialist. The stools with blood will appear red in color and are very dark or may be with black color with the consistency.
6. Gas and Bloating
The altered digestion of body in the condition of IBS leads towards the production of more gas in your gut and this leads to the uncomfortable bloating in your stomach. Most of the people suffering proper IBS found the bloating problem as persistent and one of the nagging symptom of this disorder. A study of 337 patient of IBS conducted in which 83% of people suffer from the cramping and bloating. These both of the symptoms are very common specially in women and this problem is known as the mixed type of IBS or constipation – predominant IBS. To reduce bloating you should avoid lactose and other food like FODMAPs.
7. Food Intolerance
Around 70% population having IBS also told that their are some food items which trigger the symptoms of IBS and around two third population having IBS always avoid such kind of food items and in various conditions these people also exclude lots of food items from their diet. The cause of triggering of symptoms through such food items is still not clear and these tolerances are other than allergies and these trigger foods do not create any kind of difference in the purpose of digestion.
8. Fatigue and Difficulty Sleeping
Around half of the IBS people suffer from the problem of fatigue, in the study over 160 IBS adults are described with low stamina which limits the physical work, social interaction and leisure. The symptoms of IBS get intense which describes the severity of fatigue. This problem is also related with the insomnia which creates problem in falling asleep, frequent wake ups and feeling of unrest during morning. This results in the poor quality of sleep. It has been also found after a study that persons suffering from IBS sleeping longer half an hour as compared to a normal people feels less refreshed during the morning time and the situation of poor sleep indicates the more severe symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms of IBS in Males
Both males and females can face the problem of IBS but the situation of IBS in females is more frequent. But here in this section we are going to talk about the problem of IBS in males and the symptoms being faced by the males during IBS. The symptoms are as follows :
* The increase and decrease in number of movements of bowel.
* The IBS man can face the problem of stools which are hard, watery, lumpy and contain mucus.
* The feeling of incompleteness of the bowel movement.
* Problems like constipation, diarrhea or alteration of both.
* Feeling of heartburn
* The situation of lower backache
* The frequent emergencies of bathroom
* Problem of cramping, abdominal bloating, pain or gas
* Symptoms of IBS will become worst after having meals.
* After having a normal meal person feels nauseous and uncomfortable.
So, these above were some of the symptoms found in men suffering from IBS.
Symptoms of IBS in Females
The results has proved that females mostly suffer from the problem of IBS, and the women having IBS mostly suffer from gynecological disorders. Here, we are going to mention some of the symptoms of IBS found in females.
* Food sensitivity
* Problems with Menstruation and after the period of ovulation females feel more bloating and constipation.
* Painful Menstruation
* Premenstrual syndrome ( PMS )
* Women suffer from nausea, bowel movements, constipation, heart bun etc during their pregnancy.
* Endometriosis disorder
* IBS also affects the sexual relationship with decreased desire.
IBS Flare up symptoms
When the IBS triggers up due to any condition then the symptoms also get worsen, let us look over the symptoms when IBS flares up
* Stress and anxiety problem
* Fatigue and poor sleep
* Belly pain
Symptoms of IBS Attack
When any person suffers from the IBS attack then some immediate actions are required, here we are going to provide you the symptoms of IBS attack.
* Bloated and gassy tummy
* Problem of constipation
* Situation of Diarrhea
* Feeling of Anxiety
* Cravings for sugar
IBS Symptoms Back Pain
Another main symptom of IBS is back pain which is being faced by the people having IBS. It has been seen that more and more people who are ongoing through IBS always says that they feels a severe back pain or the starting symptom for their IBS was back pain.
In this article today we told you about IBS and its symptoms which are being faced by lots of people. If you are also having any doubt related to IBS or feels if you are suffering from IBS then just simply compare the symptoms it will clear your doubt and if found the similarities then you should opt for the proper diagnosis and medication to reduce any severe complication.